Can Artificial Intelligence become emotional?

The question of whether devices equipped with Artificial Intelligence (AI) can have their own emotions is open to debate. AI researchers and neurosciences agree that current forms can not have their feelings.

Can Artificial Intelligence become emotional?
Can Artificial Intelligence become emotional?

They have nobody, no hormones, no memories of their interaction with the world, and they have not gone through the process of learning life. They do not have an emotional memory equivalent to that of man, whose construction began in childhood and continues with the learning of life in adolescence and adulthood.

Interpreting is not experiencing
General Artificial Intelligence (AGI), the most modern concept of Artificial Intelligence, is described as a system capable of performing many different activities, such as humans. However, there is still no operational AGI system, and it will take many years to reach this level of AI.

The new companies that work in AGI aim to create systems capable of solving very complex problems while maintaining rational reasoning, but ultimately, the reason is not emotion.

On the other hand, significant advances have been made in the field of Artificial Intelligence to design machines that can mechanically interpret our emotions without having their own, or interact with humans simulating empathy.

It remains an imbalance in terms of communication. The detection of human emotion is a reasonably mature field based on video sensors, microphones, and biometrics, but interpreting emotions is very different from experiencing them.

Difficulties to overcome

First, it is essential to understand what causes emotions and reasoning. An emotional reaction can be caused by an external stimulus that is captured by our senses, by an internal incentive, which could be an alteration in homeostasis (self-regulation of the body), or it could be due to our cognition.

The processing of the stimulus produces changes at an unconscious level in the bodily state, creating what is known as emotion. If it is sufficiently intense, cognitive, social, contextual, and, environmental-related assessments are carried out, generating what we call experienced emotions.

One of the ways to study human emotions is to analyze the unconscious and uncontrollable changes that occur in the human body. Thanks to the latest advances in micromanaging and nanotechnology, we can measure these changes accurately and then study them.

But even with advances in this sense, there remain difficulties to be overcome, such as the problem of inverse inference (there are no specific somatic patterns associated with each emotion), inter individual variations (no two brains are the same) and variations between subjects (the person's brain changes and evolves over time).

All this moves us away from creating an algorithm that is capable of copying how human emotions are produced and convincingly reminds us that computational models are not the human brain, can not replicate their complex functioning and that they are far from doing so.